Worker's compensation is protection mandated by Wisconsin law for a worker and his or her dependents against injury and death occurring in the course of employment. It is not health insurance and is not intended to compensate for disability other than disability caused by injury arising out of employment.

The purpose of the worker's compensation system is to provide financial and medical benefits to the victims of "work-related" injuries and their families regardless of fault. The laws place the financial burden on the employer and ultimately the consumer. This compensation is generally the exclusive remedy for the injured employee.